ISPN
Visitors
76076
November
24
Journals A - Z
A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z    ALL
All Volumes

Larvicidal Effects of Some Plant Extracts Against Anopheles arabiensis Patton Larvae (Diptera : Culicidae)

How to cite

Prof. Dr. Awad Khalaf Allah Taha ,Huda Elfatih Osman ,Omar Ahmed A. Sidahmed ,2011, Larvicidal Effects of Some Plant Extracts Against Anopheles arabiensis Patton Larvae (Diptera : Culicidae),Journal of Science and Technology,12 (3) ,pp:67-74

Authors:
By Prof. Dr. Awad Khalaf Allah Taha ,Huda Elfatih Osman ,Omar Ahmed A. Sidahmed ,
Year:
2011
Keywords
Anopheles arabiensis, Lanatana camara, plant extracts, Ricinus communis, Temphos, Vinca rosea
Abstract
Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate the larvicidal activity of ethanol extracts from leaves of three plants: castor bean (Ricinus communis), vinca (Vinca rosea) and lantana (Lantana camara) under 5 concentrations as 250- 3000 ppm against the 3rd instar larvae of the main mosquito vector of malaria in Sudan Anopheles arabiensis. The different larval mortality percentages were recorded after 24 hours. The larvicidal effect of each plant extract was compared with the standard larvicide Temephos (Abate®). The three tested plant extracts in their different concentrations have shown larvicidal effects on An. arabiensis larvae. Statistical analysis showed no significant differences between the higher concentration of each of the three plant ethanol extracts and the standard larvicide Temephos and that all concentrations recorded 100 % mortality of the tested larvae. The results indicated that, castor extract had the greatest larvicidal effect against An. arabiensis larvae with the lowest LC50 (282.7060 ppm) followed by vinca and lantana extracts respectively. This study suggests that, the leaf extracts of the three plant species should be considered as promising larvicides against An. arabiensis larvae.
ÇáăáÎŐ
References:
  1. Aouinty B.; S. Oufara; F. Mellouki and S. Mahari (2006). Preliminary evaluation of larvicidal activity of aqueous extracts from leaves of Ricinus communis L. and from wood of Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) mast. on the larvae of four mosquito species : Culex pipiens (Linné), Aedes caspius (Pallas), Culiseta longiareolata (Aitken) and Anopheles maculipennis (Meigen). Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (BASE) (J), volume 10: 67-71.
  2. Bowers, W. S.; B. Sener; P. Evans ; F. Bingol ; I. Erdogan (1995). Activity of Turkish medicinal plants against mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Anopheles gambiae. Insect Sci. Applic., 16: 339-342.
  3. Coetzee, M. (2004). Distribution of the African malaria vectors of the Anopheles gambiae complex. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 70: 103-104.
  4. El-Ghazali, G. E. B.; M. S. El Tohami and A.A.B. El Egami (1997). Medicinal Plants of the Sudan. Omdurman Islamic University printing and publishing House,136 pp.
  5. Finney D.E. (1971). Probit Analysis. (3rd ed). Cambridge University Press. London. 333p.
  6. Goddard, J. (2007). Physician\'s Guide to Arthropods of Medical Importance- (5 th ed). CRC Press, 480 pp.
  7. Harborne, J. B. and H. Baxter (2001). Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants: Dictionary of Useful Plant Products. John Wiley and Sons, 217 pp.
  8. Innocent, E.; C. C. Joseph; N. K. Gikonyo; M. J. Moshi; M. H.H. Nkunya and A. Hassanali (2008). Mosquito larvicidal constituents from Lantana viburnoides sp viburnoides var kisi (A. rich) Verdc (Verbenaceae). J Vector Borne Dis 45, pp. 240–244.
  9. Kehail, M. A. A. (2004). Larvicidal potentialities of 20 plant species from Wad Medani- Gezira State on Anopheles arabiensis Patton and Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Culicidae, Diptera). Ph.D.Thesis, Centre of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Engineering and technology, U. of Gezira
  10. Nath, D. R.; M. Bhuyan and S. Goswami (2006). Botanicals as Mosquito Larvicides. Defence Science Journal,. 56: 507-511
  11. Nelson, L. S.; R. D. Shih and M. J. Balick (2006). Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants-(2nd ed), Springer, 340 pp.
  12. Service, M. W. (2008). Medical Entomology for Students- (4 th ed). Cambridge University Press, 306 pp.
  13. Sharma, R. N.; B. A. Naagasampagi; A.S. Bhosale; M.M. Kulkarni and V. B. Tungikar (1981). “Neemrich”: The concept of enriched fractions from neem behavioural and physiological control of insects. Proc. Ist. Neem. Intern. Conf. Rottach-Egern,1980.
  14. Sivagnaname, N. & M. Kalyanasundaram (2004). Laboratory evaluation of methanolic extract of Atlantia monophylla (Family: Rutaceae) against immature stages of mosquitoes and non-target organisms. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz., 99: 115-118.
  15. Tripathi, A. K.; V. Prajapati and S .P. S. Khanuja (2003). Herbal synergistic formulation effective against mosquitolarvae and use thereof in controling malarial vector. WO/2003/079796
  16. W.H.O (1969). Insecticidal resistance and vector control. Tenth Report of World Health Organization, Expert Committee on Insecticides, No. 191, 98 pp.
  17. Willcox, M.; G. Bodeker and P. Rasoanaivo (2004). Traditional Medicinal Plants and Malaria. CRC Press, 376 pp.17.
  18. Youdeowei, A. and M. W. Service (1983). Pest and Vector Management in the Tropics. Longman group LTD., London and New York, 399 pp.
» Download Full Text: