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BEEF AND MUTTON CONSUMPTION IN KHARTOUM STATE: DEMAND ANALYSIS (2000 – 2004)

How to cite

Prof. Dr. Abda AbdAllah Imam , Imad Eldin Elfadil Abdel Karim ,Somia . Gafar ,2009, BEEF AND MUTTON CONSUMPTION IN KHARTOUM STATE: DEMAND ANALYSIS (2000 – 2004),Journal of Science and Technology,10 (3) ,pp:12-26

Authors:
By Prof. Dr. Abda AbdAllah Imam , Imad Eldin Elfadil Abdel Karim ,Somia . Gafar ,
Year:
2009
Keywords
Beef and mutton consumption, Khartoum state, Demand Analysis.
Abstract
This paper aimed to analyze the impact of beef and mutton price increase on household consumption of beef and mutton and their substitute in Khartoum State and to identify the main factors affecting the demand for beef and mutton in Khartoum State. The study depends mainly on primary data, which was collected from three residential areas in Khartoum State that represent different income classes. Descriptive and analytical statistics, correlation and regression analysis were used. The findings of the research showed that income level affects the quantity of beef and mutton consumed by the family in different income levels. Low income household spends most of their income on food, therefore, their consumption of beef and mutton is very low due to its higher prices. Beef meat is preferred by low income households, while mutton is preferred by the middle and high income households. The demand for beef and mutton is inelastic with respect to income changes, which indicates that the proportion of income spent on food falls as the consumer become richer. Moreover, the level of education is an important determining factor for beef and mutton demand. This paper recommends conducting effective nutritional education for households about the importance of protein in the diet, and increasing the supply of substitute goods for beef and mutton. Also, beef and mutton prices can be reduced by removing brokers, reducing transportation cost and taxes.
الملخص
هدفت هذه الورقة لتحليل أثر ارتفاع اسعار لحوم الابقار والضأن وبدائلها علي استهلاك الاسر في ولاية الخرطوم ولمعرفة العوامل الاساسية التي تؤثر علي الطلب عليها: اعتمدت الدراسة اساساً علي المعلومات الاولية التي جمعت من ثلاث مناطق في ولاية الخرطوم والتي مثلت مستويات مختلفة من الدخل . تم استخدام التحليل الوصفي وتحليل الميزانية والانحدار لتحقيق اهداف الدراسة. أوضحت الدراسة ان مستوي الدخل يؤثر في كميات لحوم الابقار والضأن المستهلكة لمختلف مستويات الدخل وان الاسر ذات الدخل المنخفض تنفق معظم دخلها في الغذاء بينما استهلاكها من اللحوم الحمراء قليل جداً بسبب ارتفاع اسعارها وتعتبر لحوم الابقار هي المفضلة للاسر ذات الدخول المنخفضة ولحوم الضأن هي المفضلة لدى الاسر ذات الدخول المتوسطة والعالية . الطلب علي لحوم الابقار والضأن غير مرن بالنسبة لتغيرات الدخل مما يعني كلما ازداد الدخل كلما انخفضت نسبة الانفاق علي الغذاء . كما يعتبر مستوي التعليم محدد هام للطلب علي لحوم الابقار والضأن. أوصت الورقة بتوجيه الاسر بأهمية اللحوم الحمراء كمصدر للبروتين في الوجبة الغذائية، كما اوصت بزيادة انتاج اللسلع البديلة للحوم الابقار والضأن ، وتفليل اسعارها من خلال ابعاد السماسرة وتقليل تكاليف النقل والضرائب.
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